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Journal of Climate 25 , — Rigor, I. Response of sea ice to the Arctic Oscillation. Journal of Climate 15 , — Woods, C.

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Large-scale circulation associated with moisture intrusions into the Arctic during winter. Geophysical Research Letters 40 , — Park, H. The impact of Arctic winter infrared radiation on early summer sea ice. Journal of Climate 28 , — Warm-air advection, air mass transformation and fog causes rapid ice melt. Geophysical Research Letters 42 , — Mortin, J.

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Melt onset over Arctic sea ice controlled by atmospheric moisture transport. Geophysical Research Letters 43 , — Ding, Q. Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice.


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Nature Climate Change Kay, J. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 96 , — Peings, Y. Response of the wintertime Northern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation to current and projected Arctic sea ice decline: A numerical study with CAM5. Journal of Climate 27 , — Dee, D. The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Poli, P. ERAC: An atmospheric reanalysis of the twentieth century. Gridded monthly sea ice extent and concentration, onward, version 1.

Field Techniques in Sea-Ice Research

Boulder, Colorado USA. Meier, W. Peng, G. A long-term and reproducible passive microwave sea ice concentration data record for climate studies and monitoring. Tschudi, M. Taylor, K. An overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design.

Field Techniques for Sea-Ice Research, Eicken, Salganek

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93 , — Hunter, J. Matplotlib: A 2d graphics environment. Download references. We thank the three reviewers for their constructive comments. Both authors contributed to interpreting results and refinement of the manuscript. Correspondence to Wenchang Yang. Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Reprints and Permissions.

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International Journal of Remote Sensing Atmosphere-Ocean Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Atmospheric science Climate sciences. Abstract Arctic sea ice extent SIE achieves its minimum in September each year and this value has been observed to decline steeply over the satellite era of the past three decades.


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  7. Introduction Arctic Amplification AA is one of the most dramatic climate trends taking place over recent decades, as the mean surface temperature especially in winter has warmed twice as fast as the rest of the Earth 1 , 2. Figure 1. Full size image. Figure 2. Her current research focuses on ecological and socioeconomic changes in the Arctic marine environment. I study ice sheets and glacier flows in Antarctica and Greenland. I am also interested in the different interactions between ice sheets and the Earth's systems, such as the ocean, land, and atmosphere. In particular, some of my research focuses on the impacts of ocean warming on the Antarctic ice sheet and its consequence on sea level rise.

    I use field measurements, remote sensing, and climate models to determine how fundamental changes in previously-well-understood ice sheet processes are having cascading repercussions on the rest of the glacial system. Given the decline in ice worldwide, my research focuses on microbial processes within and downstream of glaciers and ice containing habitats. I am a biogeochemist who combines geochemistry with molecular microbiology techniques and microbial rate measurements to quantify the influence of ice on microbial activity and biogeochemical cycles.

    My research focuses on understanding how the Arctic is responding to climate change. Within the Arctic, I am particularly interested in understanding how the Greenland ice sheet's hydrologic system is changing at local to continental scales using a combination of geospatial technologies, field observations, and climate model output.

    I am a polar researcher, with specialization in polarimetric radar remote sensing of the Arctic and the Antarctic sea ice.

    zaki.vot.pl/img/best/vixi-como-localizar.php My research focuses on understanding the critical role of snow cover impacting the accuracy of the Arctic and the Antarctic sea ice thickness retrievals from radar satellites. I am a glaciologist and my research focuses on ice-sheet dynamics and sea-level rise. I use numerical ice-flow models to simulate the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, to better understand the processes that control mass loss, for example, grounding-line retreat and basal sliding. I am also interested in the sensitivity of these processes to model uncertainty, and how these uncertainties propagate through projections of sea-level rise.

    I am a polar microbial ecologist studying the diversity and function of microbial communities in cold and frozen environments, i.

    New Ice Behaviour Regime for Arctic Sea Ice Melt

    Currently, I investigate the potential role of virus-mediated gene transfer for microbial survivability in subzero, hypersaline brines, mainly using environmental metagenomics. I am a glaciologist studying the boundary conditions of ice sheets with the underlying bedrock and surrounding oceans. I use numerical models, remote sensing observations, and machine learning techniques to better constrain the basal water distribution and also improve our understanding on ice sheet-ocean interaction.

    My research focuses on linking the activity and structure of microbial populations to ecosystem processes. I am interested in understanding carbon fluxes through microbial communities in polar environments with the goal of improving predictions of the fate of carbon in the context of a changing climate. I use a combination of geophysical, oceanographic, and atmospheric field observations; numerical modeling; and inverse methods to better understand physical mechanisms that destabilize ice sheets with increased surface meltwater production in our warming climate.

    I am interested in understanding the complexity associated with changing Arctic landscapes and how related ecosystem structure and function are impacted across space and time. My research combines field ecological methods with remote sensing and geospatial approaches, i. My work as a plant ecologist spans the Arctic and alpine tundra, plants as biosensors, and human interactions with plants. Given the passion for plants I have found in the Arctic, I would like to develop a program to build resilience in communities by anticipating the arrival of new plant species.

    My research focuses on alpine and polar climate during the past and present. I am particularly interested in connections and feedbacks between polar and low-latitude climate and how these interactions can lead to rapid and non-linear changes in temperature, precipitation and atmospheric circulation for many regions across the world.

    I am a polar glaciologist and science communicator working at the nexus of science and policy. I am a sea ice physicist and interested specifically in sea ice-ice shelf-ocean interaction and its consequences on ecosystem using multiscale observations from ice core samplings, remotely operated vehicles, and remote sensing.

    Currently, I am investigating the influences of ice shelf meltwater on the spatial distribution of sea ice algal biomass. Eicken has gained considerable familiarity with measurement techniques from a variety of geophysical fields which he has introduced to the study of sea ice. His study on capacitance probe measurements of brine volume in first-year sea ice presents such a novel approach to measuring sea-ice salinity in situ.


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    This parameter is crucial for the realistic simulation of the future evolution of sea ice. Not content, however, with migrating techniques into his own research, he has brought scientists from other cognate fields to experience Arctic conditions and learn about sea ice and field methods so that, for example, climate modellers may better appreciate the problems of data collection and parametrisation.

    His highly cited study on bacterial activity in Arctic wintertime sea ice has increased by a long way our understanding of sea ice biology.